What causes irritable bowel syndrome?
Although the situation is not serious, it causes a significant burden on patience life. Disturbance in routine activities and economic burdens are common.
There is an obvious association between IBS and factors like environment, genetics, and psychology. Imbalance of natural gut flora, in particular, causes diarrhea symptom. Low-grade inflammatory changes may occur in the intestine.
Risk factors for irritable bowel syndrome
The risk of getting IBS is high, especially after acute Gastrointestinal Infections. Below is the list of some common risk factors particularly associated with IBS
The family history of irritable bowel syndrome
Long-term use of antibiotics
Defects in the immune system
The psycho elements like anxiety or depression do not cause irritable bowel syndrome. However, they may conversely persist the IBS symptoms or significantly intensify them.
How the IBS gets diagnosed?
1 Celiac disease
2 Inflammatory bowel disease
3 Lactose intolerance
4 Food allergy
5 Allergy to certain medications like Iron
6 Gastrointestinal infections
7 Crohn’s disease
9 Ulcerative colitis
10 Some type of enzyme deficiency
Laboratory investigations to confirm irritable bowel syndrome
Your physician may want to rule out other IBS like conditions. He may suggest you check your blood and stool.
Additionally, one may need to undergo some of the below-mentioned investigations.
Full blood examination
Stool Microscopic examination
Stool culture and sensitivity
Lactose intolerance test
Gluten allergy test
Liver function test
Serological testing for celiac disease
Hydrogen breath testing
Lab tests especially exclude the possibility of another IBS like disorder. Generally, Parasitic infestation, Lactose intolerance, and celiac disease may cause IBS like symptoms.
The differential diagnosis for confirming irritable bowel syndrome
Below is the list of conditions that may have similar symptoms like IBS.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity
It is important to rule out the possibility of celiac disease for each patient suffering from irritable bowel syndrome.