Irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome commonly abbreviated as IBS. This is a disorder of large intestine. However, IBS doesn’t cause inflammation or permanent damage of intestines. Sometimes small intestine also involved. The motility and sensation of intestine chiefly get impacted.
Generally, irritable bowel syndrome includes a group of symptoms. Abdominal discomfort or pain and changes in bowel movements are common ones. Although IBS causes abdominal discomfort it does not harm intestines critically.
To enumerate, IBS symptoms stay for a longer duration. In some situations, diarrhea is common while in some situations constipation. Some people may suffer from diarrhea and constipation together.
The situation surely is not life-threatening, however, it may continue for years. Irritable bowel syndrome symptoms notably affect the quality of life. The disorders like depression, anxiety, fatigue syndrome etc. generally coexist with this disorder.
Usually, the symptoms start before 40 years of age. As can be seen, the affected individual misses his routine work.
Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome
The symptoms notably differ from person to person. Generally, the affected individual has a mixed type of symptoms. Below is the list of major IBS symptoms.
3 Abdominal pain
4 Abdominal discomfort
6 Constipation followed by diarrhea or vice versa
7 Abnormal stools (sometimes harder sometimes loose)
8 Abdominal cramps
9 Urinary symptoms
10 Sexual problems
11 Blood in stool
12 Weight loss
13 Iron deficiency anemia
It is important to keep in mind the psycho elements like anxiety, stress may consequently worse the IBS symptoms. The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome make person anxious and depressed.
Infection is also another triggering factor for the symptoms of IBS.
Types of irritable bowel syndrome
Based on a group of symptoms irritable bowel syndrome chiefly divided into four types
1 IIBS-C: Irritable bowel syndrome with constipation
2 IBS-D: Irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea
3 IBS-M: Some people may have diarrhea and constipation happening alternatively
4 IBS-U: Some people may neither have constipation and diarrhea very often
Looking at the symptoms, irritable bowel syndrome can also be classified as below.
1 IBS-P: Irritable bowel syndrome with pain symptoms predominant and
2 IBS-A: Irritable bowel syndrome with alternating stool patterns
Sometimes symptoms may appear acutely. Generally, in such cases, the acute phase starts, especially after infection.
Irritable bowel syndrome: Worldwide perspective
At the present time, IBS has worldwide prevalence. The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome generally appear in the 4th or 5th decade. There are some examples where family history notably present.
Around 40 million Americans are suffering from irritable bowel syndrome. At this instance, around 10 to 12% of the population in developed nations is believed to be suffering from IBS.
The disorder is very common in South America. IBS is not a life-threatening disorder. This disorder is twice common in women than in men. There is no definite cause for this disorder.